If you ever find yourself in Zambia and need to navigate your way around, you’re in luck! This article will provide you with valuable information on how to get around within the country. Whether you’re looking to explore the bustling city of Lusaka, or venture into the pristine wilderness of South Luangwa National Park, we’ve got you covered. Discover the various modes of transportation available, from buses and taxis to trains and domestic flights, and find out which option is best suited for your travel needs. Getting around Zambia has never been easier!

Getting Around by Air

If you’re looking to travel within Zambia quickly and efficiently, domestic flights are a great option. With various airports scattered throughout the country, you can easily reach your desired destinations.

Domestic Flights

Zambia has several domestic airlines that operate within the country, providing convenient and reliable air transportation. These flights are a popular choice for both locals and tourists due to their time-saving nature. Many major cities and towns in Zambia, such as Lusaka, Livingstone, and Ndola, have airports that offer domestic flights. This allows for easy access to different regions of the country, even the remote areas that are not well connected by road or rail.

Airports in Zambia

Zambia boasts a decent number of airports that cater to domestic flights. Some of the major airports include Kenneth Kaunda International Airport in Lusaka, Harry Mwanga Nkumbula International Airport in Livingstone, and Simon Mwansa Kapwepwe International Airport in Ndola. These airports not only handle domestic flights but also serve as international gateways, connecting Zambia to various destinations around the world. Smaller airports can be found in other towns and cities, providing convenience for local travelers.

Major Airlines

There are several airlines that operate domestic flights within Zambia. Some of the major ones include Proflight Zambia, Zambia Airways, and Mahogany Air. These airlines offer a range of routes and schedules, allowing you to choose the most suitable options for your travel needs. With competitive prices and efficient service, flying domestically in Zambia is a popular choice for those looking for a quick and hassle-free journey.

Getting Around by Road

For those who prefer taking in the scenic beauty of Zambia’s landscapes, getting around by road is an excellent option. Whether you choose public buses, taxis, or car rental services, there are plenty of choices to suit your preferences.

Public Buses

Public buses are a common mode of transportation in Zambia, offering an affordable way to travel within the country. Various bus companies operate throughout Zambia, providing routes between major cities and towns. While these buses may not offer the utmost comfort, they are a popular choice among locals and budget-conscious travelers. It’s important to note that the quality of buses and the condition of the roads can vary, so be prepared for longer travel times and a potentially bumpy ride.


Mini-buses are another option for getting around Zambia by road. These smaller vans are often more comfortable than public buses and can be a quicker way to reach your destination. However, they tend to be crowded and may make frequent stops along the way. Mini-buses generally operate on fixed routes and have set departure times, making them a convenient choice for shorter journeys.

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Taxis are readily available in most major cities and towns in Zambia. They are a convenient option if you’re looking for a more private and comfortable mode of transportation. Prices can vary, so it’s advisable to negotiate the fare with the taxi driver before starting your journey. In cities like Lusaka and Livingstone, you can easily find taxi ranks where licensed drivers are waiting to take you to your desired location. It’s always a good idea to choose registered taxis and ensure the driver is using a meter or agrees on a fair price in advance.

Car Rental

If you prefer the freedom of exploring Zambia at your own pace, renting a car is a great option. Many international car rental companies have branches in major cities like Lusaka and Livingstone. Renting a car allows you to have greater flexibility in terms of where you can go and when you can travel. However, it’s worth noting that driving conditions in Zambia might be different from what you’re used to, and the quality of roads can vary. Be sure to familiarize yourself with local driving regulations and take necessary precautions, such as obtaining comprehensive insurance, before embarking on a self-drive adventure.


Self-driving is an option for those who have their own vehicles or prefer using their personal transport in Zambia. It allows you to have complete control over your travel itinerary and stop at various attractions along the way. However, it’s important to note that driving in Zambia requires caution, as roads can be in varying conditions and wildlife may pose a risk in certain areas. Make sure to plan your route in advance, carry necessary supplies, and adhere to local traffic rules to ensure a safe and enjoyable journey.

How Do I Get Around Within Zambia?

Getting Around by Rail

Traveling by rail provides a unique and scenic way to explore Zambia’s beautiful landscapes. While the rail network is not as extensive as in some other countries, there are still options available for those who prefer this mode of transportation.

Zambia Railways

Zambia Railways is the national railway system of Zambia. It operates both passenger and freight services, connecting various cities and towns within the country. The passenger trains offer a comfortable and leisurely way to travel, allowing you to admire the scenery as you make your way through Zambia. While the network may not cover all areas, it does provide a relaxing alternative to other modes of transportation.


Tazara, short for Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority, is a bilateral railway jointly owned by Zambia and Tanzania. This railway connects Kapiri Mposhi in Zambia to Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, offering an international rail link. Traveling on the Tazara train provides a unique experience as you traverse through stunning landscapes, including the famous Tanzanian Selous Game Reserve. This option is particularly popular among adventurous travelers who want to combine rail travel with an African safari.

Luxury Trains

For a truly luxurious and unforgettable rail experience, Zambia offers a few options for luxury train journeys. These trains provide a level of comfort and elegance reminiscent of the golden age of rail travel. Some luxury trains operate specific routes within Zambia, while others offer journeys that extend to neighboring countries. Traveling on a luxury train allows you to relax in style and indulge in gourmet meals, while also enjoying breathtaking views of Zambia’s landscapes.

Getting Around by Water

Zambia’s waterways present another unique and captivating way to get around the country. Whether it’s cruising along the mighty Zambezi River or exploring the tranquil lakes, there are plenty of opportunities to enjoy Zambia’s natural beauty from the water.

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Zambezi River

The Zambezi River, one of Africa’s largest rivers, offers a remarkable way to experience Zambia’s wildlife and stunning scenery. There are various options for navigating the Zambezi, from exhilarating whitewater rafting for the adventurous souls to leisurely river cruises for those seeking a more relaxed journey. River cruises often take place near Livingstone, providing an opportunity to witness the mighty Victoria Falls from a unique perspective and spot diverse wildlife along the riverbanks.

Lake Tanganyika

Lake Tanganyika, shared by Zambia and other neighboring countries, is an expansive freshwater lake that offers a serene and picturesque setting. Exploring this lake by boat allows you to soak in the tranquility while marveling at the surrounding mountains and crystal-clear waters. There are organized boat tours that cater to tourists, providing a chance to visit different villages along the lake’s shores and learn about the local culture.

Lake Kariba

Lake Kariba, one of the largest man-made lakes in the world, stretches along the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe. This vast expanse of water is perfect for boat tours, offering scenic views and opportunities for fishing and wildlife spotting. Many operators offer houseboat cruises on Lake Kariba, allowing you to spend several days exploring the lake’s islands and relaxing in the comfort of your floating accommodation.

How Do I Get Around Within Zambia?

Getting Around by Bicycle

For those who enjoy an active and eco-friendly mode of transportation, bicycles are a fantastic option for getting around Zambia.

City Bike Rental

In some major cities like Lusaka and Livingstone, bike rental services are available for tourists and locals alike. These rental shops offer a variety of bicycles, including mountain bikes and city bikes, for a reasonable fee. Renting a bike is a great way to explore the city at your own pace and get a closer look at the local culture and attractions.

Biking Tours

If you’re up for an adventure, consider joining a biking tour in Zambia. These guided tours cater to different skill levels and offer routes that take you through stunning landscapes, including national parks and rural villages. Biking tours not only provide a unique way to experience Zambia but also allow you to engage with the local communities and learn about their way of life.

Getting Around on Foot

Walking is a simple and cost-effective way to get around in Zambia. Whether you’re exploring a city or hiking through nature, traveling on foot allows you to take in the sights, sounds, and smells of your surroundings.


In cities and towns, walking is a convenient way to navigate the streets and discover local attractions. Many tourist areas are pedestrian-friendly, providing a safe and enjoyable walking experience. This mode of transportation allows you to immerse yourself in the local atmosphere and interact with the people and culture of Zambia.

Hiking Trails

For nature enthusiasts, Zambia offers a plethora of hiking trails that take you through stunning landscapes and national parks. From the famous Victoria Falls to the rugged landscapes of South Luangwa National Park, there are trails that cater to all levels of hiking experience. Whether you embark on a day hike or a multi-day trek, hiking in Zambia gives you the opportunity to witness incredible wildlife, breathtaking scenery, and hidden gems of the country.

How Do I Get Around Within Zambia?

Getting Around by Motorcycle

For those who crave a sense of adventure and freedom, traveling by motorcycle in Zambia can be an exhilarating experience.

Motorbike Taxis

In some urban areas, motorbike taxis, known locally as “okadas,” are a common means of transportation. These motorbike taxis can be a quick and convenient option for short journeys within the city. It’s important to note that safety measures may vary, so it’s advisable to choose licensed operators and wear appropriate safety gear.

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Rented Motorbikes

If you have experience riding motorcycles, renting one is a thrilling way to explore Zambia. Several rental companies offer motorbikes for hire, allowing you to venture into less-visited areas and discover hidden gems. However, it’s crucial to exercise caution, wear protective gear, and familiarize yourself with local traffic regulations before embarking on your motorbike adventure.

Getting Around by Camper Van

For those who prefer the comforts of home while on the road, renting a camper van provides the ultimate freedom to explore Zambia at your own pace.

Camper Van Rental

Several rental companies offer camper van rentals in Zambia, providing fully equipped vehicles for a comfortable and self-sufficient journey. These camper vans are equipped with sleeping quarters, kitchen facilities, and other amenities, allowing you to travel and camp in style. With the flexibility to choose your own route and camp at various sites, renting a camper van offers a unique way to experience Zambia’s natural beauty.

Camping Sites

Zambia is rich in camping sites, offering opportunities to connect with nature and enjoy the great outdoors. From national parks to private reserves, there are plenty of camping options available throughout the country. Camping sites often provide basic facilities such as restrooms, showers, and cooking areas, allowing you to have a memorable camping experience amidst Zambia’s stunning landscapes.

Getting Around by Boat

Zambia’s waterways provide not only a way to travel but also a unique perspective of the country and its stunning natural features.


Ferries are an important mode of transportation for both locals and tourists in Zambia. They offer a way to cross rivers and lakes, connecting different regions of the country. The Kafue and Luangwa rivers, among others, have ferry services that allow you to experience the beauty of these waterways while traveling between destinations.

River Cruises

For a more leisurely and in-depth experience, river cruises are a popular choice among visitors to Zambia. These cruises often take place on the Zambezi River and offer a chance to relax on a boat while admiring the wildlife, birdlife, and stunning landscapes that line the riverbanks. River cruises typically include amenities such as meals, entertainment, and expert guides who provide insights into the local flora and fauna.

Getting Around by Elephant

For a truly unique and unforgettable experience, getting around by elephant is an option that allows you to connect with nature and support conservation efforts.

Elephant Safaris

Elephant safaris provide an opportunity to embark on a guided journey through the wilderness of Zambia, riding on the back of these majestic creatures. These safaris typically take place in national parks or private reserves where elephants roam freely. It’s important to choose reputable tour operators that prioritize the well-being and conservation of these gentle giants.

Elephant Conservation Centers

For those who want to get up close and personal with elephants without riding them, elephant conservation centers offer a chance to learn about these incredible animals and support their protection. These centers often provide educational programs, allowing visitors to interact with elephants in a responsible and ethical manner. By visiting these centers, you not only contribute to the conservation and welfare of elephants but also gain a better understanding of their importance in Zambia’s ecosystem.

In conclusion, Zambia offers a wide range of transportation options to suit different preferences and travel styles. Whether you choose to fly, travel by road, rail, water, bicycle, foot, motorcycle, camper van, or even elephant, each mode of getting around presents a unique opportunity to explore the stunning landscapes, wildlife, and culture of this vibrant African nation. Regardless of your chosen method, be prepared to immerse yourself in the beauty of Zambia and create unforgettable memories along the way.